Officials from the United States Navy and the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) were dispatched to join the command. Mostafa Abdel Aziz Hesham 69. The captain is then recorded as saying "get away in the engines" (this is the literal translation that appears in the NTSB transcript), followed by "shut the engines". Mrs. Mary Rice 120. Center also provided coordinates of Flight 990's last-known position to Coast Guard rescue aircraft. The NTSB found that the probable cause of the accident was the airplane's departure from normal cruise flight and subsequent impact with the Atlantic Ocean. Abdelazim Mohamed Mahmoud 98. " Langewiesche argued that "in the stonewalling they were revealing themselves" and that if they truly believed Batouti was innocent, they would have invited Langewiesche to see proof of this theory. George Small 147. Sayed Abdalla 9.  While noting that the damage did indeed exist, the NTSB countered that it was more likely a result of the crash rather than a pre-existing problem, as the 767 is designed to remain airworthy even with two PCUs failed.. Mahdmohd Elsayed Mohd 101.
Rescue efforts continued by air and by sea, with a group of U.S. Coast Guard cutters covering 10,000 square miles (26,000 km2) on October 31 with the hope of locating survivors, but no bodies were recovered from the debris field. Salamafereg Samir 138.
, There was some evidence that one of the right elevator's power control units may have suffered a malfunction, and the Egyptian investigation mentioned this as a likely cause of the crash. All 217 people on board were killed. Ages and hometowns given where available. Charles Balassi 20. Mrs. Betty Van Burskirk 155. While relief first officer Al-Batouti was alone in the cockpit and captain El-Habashi was in the lavatory, the aircraft suddenly went into a rapid dive nose-first, resulting in weightlessness (zero-g) throughout the cabin.
Abdullah Saleh 29. Mrs. Virginia Mansour 23. Mahamed Nabil Ihab 17.
Maherhassan Adel 4. Capt. It was delivered to EgyptAir as a new aircraft on September 26, 1989. A. Rosenour 117. Mohamed Hussein Hanadi 67. The airspace is divided into "areas," and "Area F" was the section that oversaw the airspace through which Flight 990 was flying. At the request of the Egyptian government, the US National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) took the lead in this investigation, with the Egyptian Civil Aviation Authority (ECAA) participating. Rather, it simply states that the crash was a direct result of actions made by the co-pilot for reasons "not determined"..
, US air traffic controllers provided transatlantic flight control operations as a part of the New York Air Route Traffic Control Center (referred to in radio conversations simply as "Center" and abbreviated in the reports as "ZNY"). Eugenia Rhodes 116. Crew and passengers on EgyptAir Flight 990, as provided by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, which runs New York's Kennedy International Airport, and by relatives and friends. Mrs. M. Kogan 83. The Egyptian authorities refused to accept the proposal to hand the investigation over to the FBI, and so the NTSB solely continued the investigation.
 American investigators confirmed key aspects of Taha's information, but decided not to anger the Egyptian government further by issuing any official statement about Al-Batouti's motive.
El Habashy 2. , A second salvage effort was made in March 2000 that recovered the aircraft's second engine and some of the cockpit controls. Ahmed Wasfy Nehad 27. As the ECAA lacked the resources of the NTSB, the Egyptian government asked the American government to have the NTSB handle the investigation. Gerald Dunbar 37. Thomas Stone 134. In the documentary, the NTSB data were used with a flight simulator of the same aircraft model to try to reconstruct the circumstances of the crash, but the simulator failed three times to replicate the NTSB theory for plunging a fully functioning 767 from 33,000 ft (10,000 m) to 19,000 ft (5,800 m) in 37 seconds. The reason for the relief first officer's actions was not determined. 3. In his statement to British authorities, he claimed to have knowledge of the circumstances behind the crash of Flight 990. EgyptAir designated one crew as the "active crew" and the other as the "cruise crew", sometimes also referred to as the "relief crew".
 This occurred at 1:52 AM EST. The ECAA report concluded that "the Relief First Officer did not deliberately dive the airplane into the ocean" and that mechanical failure was "a plausible and likely cause of the accident". Mrs. Erica Schwenk 137. Mrs. Barbara Billings 24. Ms. Dorothy Allen 15. , The NTSB's final report was issued on March 21, 2002, after a two-year investigation, and concluded as "not determined"..  Of the 203 passengers, 32 boarded in Los Angeles; the rest boarded in New York.
 However, a 2001 journalist describes how he successfully reproduced the incident in a Boeing flight simulator..
After the crash, newspapers in Cairo were prevented by censors from reporting the officers' presence on the flight. Ms. Dorothy Foth 56. Fathy Tawfeq Hesseen Sherif 139. , The records of the radar returns then indicate a sharp descent, with the plane dropping 14,600 feet (4,500 m) in 36 seconds before its last altitude report at 06:50:29 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC; 01:50:29 Eastern Standard Time). Elsayed Agwah 5. John Voelker 157.
At 03:00 EST, an HU-25 Falcon jet took off from Air Station Cape Cod, becoming the first rescue party to reach the last known position of the plane. Ms. Anne Soernssen 148. Hesham Sabry 12.
The word had been passed down from on high, probably from Mubarak himself, that there was no way that Batouti, the co-pilot, could have done this. , The aircraft crashed in international waters, so the Egyptian government had the right to initiate its own search and rescue and investigation. Jarold Freeman 52. Mohamed Emara Gamal 60. The aircraft began to break apart in mid-air at 10,000 feet (3,000 m) and debris crashed into the Atlantic Ocean. Al Jazeera, an Arabic-language channel, produced a documentary by Yosri Fouda about the flight that was broadcast in March 2000.
, Two weeks after the crash, the NTSB proposed declaring the crash a criminal event and handing the investigation over to the FBI. Eventually most passengers were identified by DNA from fractured remains recovered from the debris field and the ocean floor. Maha Elmahrouky 14. David Van Burskirk 156. Gerald Smith 132. Ms. Virginia Chaplin 36. Abdullah Saleh 29. Ms. Leigh Minturn 96. He is reported to have said that he wanted to "stop all lies about the disaster," and to put much of the blame on EgyptAir management.
Leroy Sides 143. Arthur Simermeyer 142. On October 31, 1999, the Boeing 767-300ER operating the route crashed into the Atlantic Ocean about 60 miles (100 km) south of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts, killing all 217 passengers and crew on board. 'It is not possible that anyone who would commit suicide would also kill so many innocent people alongside him,' said Ehab William, a surgeon at Cairo's Anglo-American Hospital. For example, an elevator assembly hardover (in which the elevator in a fully extended position sticks because the hinge catches on the tail frame) proposed by the Egyptians was discounted because the flight recorder data showed the elevator was in a "split condition". Flight Officer El Batoty 5.
Gerald Welsh 161. Mrs. Judith Bowman 18. Janet Fam 9. Relief First Officer Al-Batouti had close to 5,200 flight hours in the 767 and a total of roughly 12,500 hours.