After molting, its new spikes are blond until they dry black. 1. Sightings in the following counties: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington, Wilcox, Winston, View county names by moving the mouse over a county or view a map with county names. In addition to the size difference between the two sexes, females are usually darker in color and are more marked with black streaks as compared to the males. [5], In its adult form, the gulf fritillary is a medium-sized butterfly that has extended forewings and a wingspan range of 6.5 to 9.5 cm. The Gulf fritillary produces multiple generations each year. Only 1 or 2 butterfly eggs out of 100 live to become adult butterflies. Adults visit numerous flowers and migrate northward and feed on nectar. The adult butterflies use nectar from many flowers, including Lantana plants.

These fast-growing vines need supporting structures like an arbor or fence. A dot on the county map indicates that there is at least one documented record of the species within that county. The wing is curved like an air scoop to enhance flight. The sexes are dimorphic. These extra nutrients given to the females can be used by a female to her advantage during the process of oogenesis. In addition to the plants higllghted in blue below, this tropcial passionflower has also been documented as a Gulf Fritillary host in Alabama: For more information about these plants, please visit the Alabama Plant Atlas using the links above. Where Gulf Fritillary caterpillars are all orange with possible gray long stripes, Variegated Fritillary caterpillars have white patches on their bodies. Gulf fritillary, Agraulis vanillae incarnata (Riley) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), caterpillar.

OE and Chrysalises Pupae – Monarch and Queen – Ophryocystis elektroscirrha, OE – Ophryocystis elektroscirrha – Monarch Butterfly. Purple passionflower, Passiflora incarnata L. (Passifloracaea), a host of the Gulf fritillary butterfly, Agraulis vanillae (Linneaus). "NatureServe Explorer 2.0 Dione vanillae Gulf Fritillary", "Male-specific structures on the wings of the gulf fritillary butterfly, Agraulis vanillae (Nymphalidae)", "Biology and Migratory Behavior of Agraulis Vanillae (L.) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae)", "Lepidopteran Foodplant Records from Texas", "Migration of Agraulis vanillae (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) in Florida", "Courtship Behavior of the Gulf Fritillary, Agraulis Vanillae (Nymphalidae)",, Fauna of the California chaparral and woodlands, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 20:16. The host plant for this species is passionvine; Passiflora species. USF Water Institute, John Heyse. Daniels JC. 168 pp. Our Mission. 341 pp. Red-banded Hairstreak. The average duration of the egg stage in the life cycle for gulf fritillaries is roughly between three and five days depending on the temperature of the environment. Adult Gulf fritillary butterfly, Agraulis vanillae Linnaeus. Common Name: Gulf fritillary Scientific Name: Agraulis vanillae incarnata (Riley) Order: Lepidoptera Description: This species is not a true fritillary, are sometimes separated into a separate family of long-butterflies (Heliconiidae) rather than being included in the brushfooted butterflies (Nymphalidae). After the male ceases wing movement, the male butterfly will move into a position that facilitates genital contact with the female. Figure 3. Because a caterpillars’ cuticle doesn’t grow, it can only stretch to a certain point before it is essential for the caterpillar to shed/molt its old cuticle. Pupa of the Gulf fritillary butterfly, Agaulis vanillae Linnaeus, on twig. Black Death is NOT a Disease – What is it? Twin-spot Skipper. Scientific Name: Agraulis vanillae incarnata (Riley) The larvae are bright orange with numerous black, branched spines. By late summer, they are common butterflies in virtually every county. The upper surface of the wings is bright orange with black markings. It continues to slowly move down through the bottom of the chrysalis until its legs are free to cling onto the shell of the chrysalis and pull itself the rest of the way out. The chrysalis stays in this form for eleven to twenty-one days. Adventure Publications, Cambridge, MN. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "GulfFritillary" Flickr tag. The average duration of the pupal stage in gulf fritillaries is roughly between 7 and 12 days depending on the temperature of the environment. That subfamily was formerly set apart as a separate family, the Heliconiidae. [2][6], With Florida constituting a major component of the geographic range of this butterfly, the migration pattern of gulf fritillaries in Florida is well-documented. Figure 4. [6][4], Fritillary feeding on nectar from passion flower, Agraulis vanillae in its chrysalis form, seen in Inglewood, California, Agraulis vanillae larvae preparing for their metamorphoses, Sole species in brush-footed butterfly genus Agraulis. [3], The general process for a typical courtship interaction begins when a male flies and lands near a perching female, who is most likely perched on a host plant, such as several species of the Passiflora genus. A dot on the county map indicates that there is at least one documented record of the species within that county. Why are there fewer butterflies some years? 2005. Should I separate Piggy-back Chrysalises? By small contractions of the muscles it begins to shed its skin and head revealing a soft pinkish tan form. © 2020 - Butterfly Atlas, 250 pp. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. For the next ten to fifteen minutes it stays still and allows its wings to dry. Studies have shown that the males possess specific structures on their dorsal wings that engage in the production and eventual release of chemical pheromones. The Gulf fritillary is a medium to large butterfly, with a wingspan of 6–9.5 cm . Lke the other longwings, they use passionflowers (maypops) as their caterpillar hosts.