The mantle is the most voluminous of Earth's three major concentric zones. Spell. Ch 1-4. which layer is solid but can flow very slowly meaning it is ductile, the crust and upper most mantle make up the, the elevated position of the mid-oceanic ridge that causes lithosphere slabs to "slide" down the flanks of the ridge describes, tectonically inactive shorelines are termed ____ continental margins, younger, lighter plates produce ___ subduction zone angles, volcanoes, deep earthquakes and trenches occur at ____, oceanic-continental convergent boundaries, transform faults are ____ to mid-oceanic ridges, small pieces of continental crust that might have fragmented and been moved by seafloor spreading are, all of the following are part of the mineral definition EXCEPT, when atoms share electrons, that is ______ bonding, when cations and anions attract one another; ____ bonding, outer shell electrons travel freely from atom to atom, the smallest repeating group that determines crystal form is the, external manifestations of crystalline structure, must have space to grow in order to form good crystal faces, flat planes indicate weak points in the crystal structure, the appearance of a minerals surface is its, the density as compared to water is a minerals, a silicate tetrahedral is made up of 1 silicon and ___ oxygen atoms, hydrated aluminosilicates that are often formed from the weathering of other minerals are, when one or more metals combine with one or more halogen elements ( fluorine, chlorine, iodine, bromine) to produce a salt, it is a, Copper, Gold, silver, sulfur, graphite, diamond and platinum are examples of, native elements- mineral consists of a single element, minerals that are necessary to the economy of a country, potential supplies of a particular mineral resource, believed to exist because of geologic knowledge and theory, but locations, quality and amounts are unknown are known as, with a known location, quantity, and grade (quality) or have been estimated from direct geological evidence and measurements, resources that have been identified and from which a usable mineral can be extracted profitably at present prices with current mining technology, Extract a metal ore or fuel resource from a deep underground deposit, separate desired mineral from the other elements in an ore mineral, Remove soil, subsoil, and other strata (i.e., Overburden), and then extract a mineral deposit found fairly close to the Earth's surface, usually discard waste material in Spoils Piles/Tailings. A theory that Earth's surface is divided into a few large, thick plates that are slowly moving and changing in size. Rock that has formed from (1) lithification of any type of sediment, (2) precipitation from solution, or (3) consolidation of the remains of plants or animals. ©2018 StudyBlue Inc. All rights reserved. geological events in years, in an undeformed sequence of sedimentary rocks , each bed is older than the one above and younger than the one below is defined of the principle of, when tilted rocks are overlain by flat-lying rocks that is a, abundant organisms, with a widespread geographic distribution and with a "short" evolutionary existence are, ____ has a half life of 4.5 billion years, materials containing carbon are dated using the ___ dating method, all of the following are steps in the scientific method except. Plates are known to be moving away from each other, Plate tectonics is a result of Earth's internal heat engine, powered by, heat flowing from Earth's interior outward. PLAY. is a large emplacement of igneous intrusive rock that forms from cooled magma deep in the Earth's crust. is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms. The rigid outer shell of Earth, 70 to 125 or more kilometers thick. A rock formed or apparently formed from solidification of magma. layer of igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic rocks which forms the continents. STUDY. Choose from 500 different sets of geology exam 1 flashcards on Quizlet. flows into the fissures and may erupt onto the floor of the rift. Anytime, anywhere. describes a type of planar rock feature that develops as a result of deformation and metamorphism. Write.

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Earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, floods, and tsunamis are all examples of: Geology uses the scientific method to explain natural aspects of the Earth. planets that are further from the sun and primarily formed from gases are _____ planets. Physical Geology Exam 1. A _______ boundary occurs where plates move towards one another. Boundary between two plates that are sliding past each other. is the most voluminous of earths three major concentric zones (liquid). Start studying Geology Exam 1. Anytime, anywhere. chronological order, use wide variety of dating techniques, especially radiometric (radioactive) dating. Terms in this set (121) Sediment.

(mostly made of felsic or intermediate rock-types like granite, quartz . cmg08. the study of Earths materials, such as minerals and rocks, and the various physical and chemical changes that occur on its surface and in its interior is, naturally occurring inorganic solids with definite chemical compositions and crystalline structure, naturally occurring substances made of minerals, study of chemistry of minerals, rocks and water, study of the physics of the Earth; including studies of earthquakes, Earth magnetism, Earth gravity, heat transfer, movement and deformation of the Earth's crust, and mountain building, the study of "landforms" including rivers and streams, landforms built by the downslope movement of material by gravity, underground water, glaciers, wind, and chemical activity and the rocks resulting from such activity (sedimentary rocks), study of "Earth Time" including studies of rock layers, absolute dating techniques including geophysical and geochemical studies and studies of ancient life (paleontology), exploration and exploitation of economic minerals and hydrocarbons, geology of surface and underground water resources, protection and proper utilization of Earth resources, involves studies of engineering geology, hydrogeology, geomorphology, geochemistry and geophysics, "The present is the key to the past" is the principle of, apply studies of modern processes to ancient rocks, the processes that now shape the Earth were similar in the geologic past, although the rate of change may vary, recognizes that "catastrophes" can have powerful influence on the Earth.