500 yards is still quite a range, it’s lost around 900 fps of velocity at 500 yards, but still traveling at 1800 fps. as “a smokeless powder rimless bottlenecked rifle cartridge”. Since the early days, the round has found favor with police forces and competitive shooters. Easy you use the Law of Conservation of Momentum that states that for every action, there is an opposite and equal reaction. var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; Size and weight of the bullet. The last two are both factors of the bullet’s design. That is still pretty good. Caliber is the least understood topic that is essential to shooting. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. So I have to ask, when you read that last statement, did you think about the caliber of the pistol or the ammunition you are using? At 300 yards it has dropped around 13 inches, and at 500 yards it’s just under 60 inches (5 feet). 2) What’s the max range that a bullet can kill the intended game? They will help you understand this topic easily. BTHP 80289 2960 2697 2449 2215 1993 1786 1323 1098 906 741 600 482 -1 517 0-7 -22 -454 M 223 Rem 73 gr. The 9mm rounds are light, affordable, and nearly ubiquitous, making them an excellent choice for regular practice. The big 10mm round and large powder charge proved seriously capable in the right hands, but field testing revealed that the powerful recoil and large size of handguns chambered in 10mm made it difficult for most law enforcement officers to make follow-up shots reliably.

It’s been a favorite of snipers for a while, particularly in its military form, and has many different ammunition choices to suit almost every target shooter. The weight of the firearm also plays into this. More than half of US police are issued 9mm handguns and the FBI has switched back to it being their standard issue pistol. If the US Marine Corps uses it for the purpose, then it should be good enough for the rest of us. For example, I participated in a whitetail cull hunt in Texas. When looking for the typically longer range cartridges, eventually people wonder about the .308 Winchester, and what its range might be. The .357 magnum results in higher pressure when fired compared to a .38 special. At 200 yards there is perhaps 4 to 5 inches of bullet drop. Now just like Neo did in the Matrix, take the red pill, or maybe he took the blue…..I don’t remember which one it is.

(or as some would say our bullet caliber chart). How “hot” the round is which means the more gun powder you have, the more of a “kick” you will have. (For more information on the history of this old cartridge, check out our guide to the best IWB holsters for 1911 pistols. There are also differences in traits in a specific species itself. With that in mind, we tried to give you a range of different cartridges for each caliber that you typically would see. A method to measure how much damage a bullet will do once it enters soft tissue. A typical question might be how much does a .308 bullet drop at the 500 yard distance. To the Internet I proceed,then once I discover your site my journey for ammo knowledge is now officially completed! Due to the higher pressures involved, very few semi-automatic firearms are capable of feeding rounds of the 0.44 Magnum; an exception is the Israeli Military Industries Desert Eagle pistol, of Hollywood fame.

So, following a 2950 fps muzzle velocity, the round will travel pretty flat for around 200 yards, after which gravity takes its inevitable effect (yeah, I know it was acting on it before). ​One of the twentieth century’s best-known pistol cartridges, the old.45 Automatic Colt Pistol cartridge originally supplanted the .38 Long Colt cartridge after the Moro uprisings in the Philippines showed a need for better stopping power in the pistol cartridges issued to the US military.

Caliber: is basically the terminology used to label a specific model gun that uses a particular round. Also, the listed purposes for each sample is what the majority of people use it for.

It has a typical muzzle velocity just under 3000 fps and at 1000 yards will still be traveling around 1200 fps, which is more than enough to do damage. A lot! Versions of the Desert Eagle exist chambered in 0.357 magnum, 0.44 magnum, and Action Arms’ proprietary 0.50 Action Express magnum round. If you know the concepts but still are looking for help to decide which caliber is right for you, we have made this decision tree to simplify the process. The anatomy of different species. … The .380 ACP is slightly smaller in diameter than the 9mm. At the end of the first day, we’d killed 20 deer, but the hunters were complaining because none of the deer were falling down when hit. The more controversial one of them. Bryan explains: “If I wanted to know how a Medium Capacity Cartridge shooting the 6mm Berger 115 VLD will perform on 300-pound game, I can reference the bullet-specific chart.”, Share the post "Lethality of Long Range Hunting Bullets". There’s no reason to mince words – a handgun … 6’4″ man, in theory, can take a harder hit than a 5’6″ 150 lbs. All of this leads directly to the question of handgun wounding factors: the effectiveness of a handgun, lethality by caliber, and stopping power are all important considerations when purchasing a firearm for self defense. The .308 Winchester is a cartridge modeled off the military 7.62×51mm NATO cartridge but for civilian use. The bullet’s diameter is actually closer to .311 inches. With hunting season already in full swing, many game hunters have questions about terminal performance and particular caliber/cartridge combinations. So it would be fair to say that around 900 yards as an average is the effective range of the .308 Winchester, where the rounds can reliably be placed on the target. These measurements are usually expressed in fractions of an inch or in millimeters as well. Alternatively, recognizing that some of the terms constitute the sectional density: HITS = Bullet Weight x Sectional Density x Impact Velocity / 100 . Hey this is a great detailed and comprehensive article of gun ammo information! This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Humans’ anatomy is a lot different from dogs, cats, bears, deers, etc.

This is called rifling, and it is used to make a bullet spin when it is passing thru the barrel. Stopping power, how many people think this is a critical factor when it comes to calibers?

Bryan says: “For responsible hunting, knowing your limits and your rifle’s limits, is important.”, Bryan’s book also includes Bullet Lethality Charts for a variety of calibers and cartridge types.

Unless you are shooting at extreme ranges, for most people the .308 is suitable. Weill, it’s about 5 feet or 60 inches.

ga.src = ('https:' == document.location.protocol ? This data table is approximate, and shouldn’t be used to replace what any shooter sees as the realities on the ground. As always, let us know if we missed something below. HITS = Bullet Weight 2 / Bullet Diameter 2 / 7000 x Impact Velocity / 100. man.

A few of the variables that play into a bullet’s terminal performance are velocity, penetrations, and expansion. The larger 0.44 Magnum came about two decades after the 0.357 Magnum, and both remain popular for self-defense applications and, to a limited extent, hunting with the 0.44 Magnum. The areas between the groves are called lands.

Effective range is always a tricky question to answer as it’s dependent on so many factors. So be ready for this rabbit hole.

Contrary to popular belief, the case of the .357 magnum was not designed to be longer than the .38 special case to hold more gun powder but to prevent people from loading these into .38 special pistol. The bullet’s kinetic energy is a combination of its mass and velocity at the point of impact.

Please Note: The above data is drawn from various sources including the book Handgun Stopping Power by Marshall and Sanow, and various articles in magazines such as Handguns.. For experienced shooters the headings of most of the columns above are probably self-explanatory. Bryan Litz of Applied Ballistics says there are really a number of questions that need to be answered: 1) What’s the max range that the shooter/rifle is capable of hitting the intended target? .223 Remington (60 grain at 3000 fps) - 6.3 .223 WSSM (64 grain at 3600 fps) - 10.1 In many senses, .40 S&W straddles the line between the small, high-velocity 9x19mm round and the large, lower-velocity .45 ACP; many varieties exist which allow shooters to select their favorite balance of mass and projectile velocity. Whilst there are more powerful rounds out there, certainly more useable at a range of 1000 yards, the 308 is a time tested round that has proven it has the ability to deliver at range. Both offer a light, short cartridge suitable for an easily-concealed handgun; neither offer particularly impressive ballistics. Up to 150 yards, the round travels extremely flat, as you might expect, and only drops an inch or two to 200 yards. Applied Ballistics for Long-Range Shooting, Ballistics Brain Power — Take Our Ballistics Quiz, Are You a Ballistics Wizard? So, following a 2950 fps muzzle velocity, the round will travel pretty flat for around 200 yards, after which gravity takes its inevitable effect (yeah, I know it was acting on it before). You may use a specific caliber for a different purpose that is not listed. The rounds themselves differ only in terms of length and powder charge; all fire a small, light projectile most suited for target practice and small game hunting. (Cartridge, bullet weight in grains, muzzle velocity in feet per second - killing power score at 100 yards.) So what exactly is the .308 Winchesters ballistic chart and what does it look like out to 1000 yards?

Late Season Reminder — Replace Your Safe’s Keypad Battery. We had thought about writing about this topic, but after reviewing these we decided there was no need. Outside of collectors’ firearms and backup guns, neither cartridge is commonly recommended for everyday use. On that note….if you do not know what +P or +P+ means check out the following links. You do not pay anything extra, and your purchase helps support our work bringing you the best methods for outdoor life. var _gaq = _gaq || []; Why? It’s plentiful and effective. Stimulants can make humans, and animals go longer than they usually could, We can look at accuracy as to how close a shot is from its intended target. It is useful for close range but not for long distances.