[129] On December 28, after Secretary of State John Kerry gave a speech defending the U.S.'s decision to allow a U.N. resolution to pass that condemned Israeli settlements "on land meant to be part of a future Palestinian state", Cruz denounced the speech as "disgraceful", and said that history would remember Obama and Kerry as "relentless enemies of Israel". [61], In 2008 American Lawyer magazine named Cruz one of the 50 Best Litigators under 45 in America,[48][62] and The National Law Journal named him one of the 50 Most Influential Minority Lawyers in America. [323] She previously worked in the White House for Condoleezza Rice and in New York as an investment banker. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Cruz was born in Canada but soon moved to the U.S. with his parents. [39][47] Cruz recruited future Chief Justice John Roberts and noted attorney Mike Carvin to Bush's legal team. In February 2020 he voted against convicting Trump, and the president was acquitted in a largely party-line vote. [69] Cruz represented drug manufacturer B. Braun Medical Inc. in front of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit after the company was found guilty of wrongfully discharging a former employee. But it's about power and money. [237], Cruz is a critic of the rapprochement between Cuba and the United States, saying on Fox News in December 2014 that the thaw in relations was a "manifestation of the failures of the Obama-Clinton-Kerry foreign policy" that "will be remembered as a tragic mistake". The Cruz campaign had more than 325,000 volunteers. "[291], Cruz is a strong critic of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (the ACA or "Obamacare"). [44], After Bush took office, Cruz served as an Associate Deputy Attorney General in the U.S. Justice Department[1][47] and as the director of policy planning at the U.S. Federal Trade Commission. [75] In the Republican senatorial primary, Cruz ran against sitting Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst. [142] He also called fellow Republicans "squishes" on gun-control issues during a Tea Party rally. [312], On abortion, Cruz is "strongly anti-abortion" and "would allow the procedure only when a pregnancy endangers the mother's life". [279][280][281], On January 5, 2017, Cruz voted in favor of a House resolution condemning UN Security Council Resolution 2334, which condemned Israeli settlement building in the occupied Palestinian territories as a violation of international law. Research already debunks unfounded assumptions about transgender children, including those who undergo medial treatments. [236], Cruz has been backed by the billionaire Mercer family, including Robert and his daughter Rebekah. [128] With the passing of Fidel Castro in November, Cruz charged Obama with celebrating and lionizing Castro in public statements he made addressing the death. [35][39] He wrote a brief on behalf of all 50 states that argued that the plaintiff, a non-custodial parent, did not have standing to file suit on his daughter's behalf. [47], Cruz won the runoff for the Republican nomination by a 14-point margin over Dewhurst, support for Dewhurst having plummeted while Cruz's vote total dramatically increased from the first round. [301], According to McClatchy, Cruz staked out "hard-right immigration stances" during his 2016 campaign for the Republican nomination for president. [58] Texas won the case in a 6–3 decision, the Supreme Court holding that ICJ decisions were not binding in domestic law and that the President had no power to enforce them.

[12][24][25], During high school, Cruz participated in a Houston-based group known at the time as the Free Market Education Foundation, a program that taught high school students the philosophies of economists such as Milton Friedman and Frédéric Bastiat.